Anoreksiya nervoza tanılı bir erkek ergen: Olgu sunumu [A male adolescent diagnosed with anorexia nervosa: A case report]. Çocuk ve Gençlik Ruh Sağliği. Anahtar kelimeler: Yeme bozuklukları, travma, anoreksiya nervoza. ABSTRACT. Eating disorders and emotional neglect: a case report. Eating disorders are. Anahtar Kelimeler: Obsesif kompulsif bozukluk; yeme bozuklukları; anoreksiya nervoza; bulimia nervoza. ABSTRACT Although eating.
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Anorexia an-o-REK-see-uh nervosa — often simply called anorexia — is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body nebroza, an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of weight. People with anorexia place a high value on controlling their weight and shape, using extreme efforts that tend to significantly interfere with their lives. To prevent weight gain or to continue losing weight, people with anorexia usually severely restrict the amount of food they eat.
They may control calorie intake by vomiting after eating or by misusing laxatives, diet aids, diuretics or enemas. They may also try to lose weight by exercising excessively. No matter how much weight is lost, the person continues to fear weight gain. Anorexia isn’t really about food.
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It’s an extremely unhealthy and sometimes life-threatening way to try to cope with emotional problems. When you have anorexia, you often equate thinness with self-worth. Anorexia, like other mevroza disorders, can take nwvroza your life and can be very difficult to overcome. But with treatment, you can gain a better sense of who you are, return to healthier eating habits and reverse some of anorexia’s serious complications.
The physical signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa are related to starvation. Anorexia also includes emotional and behavioral issues involving an unrealistic perception of body weight and an extremely strong fear of gaining weight or becoming fat. It may be difficult to notice signs and symptoms because what is considered a low body weight is different for each person, and some nrvroza may not appear extremely thin.
Also, people with anorexia often disguise their thinness, eating habits or physical problems. Some people who have anorexia binge and purge, similar to individuals who have bulimia. But people with anorexia generally struggle nervoza an abnormally low body weight, while individuals with bulimia typically are normal to above normal weight. Unfortunately, many people with anorexia don’t want treatment, at least initially.
Their desire to remain thin overrides concerns about their health. If you have a loved one you’re worried about, urge her or him to talk to a nevrozw. If you’re experiencing any of the problems listed above, or if you think you may have an eating disorder, get help.
If you’re hiding anoreksoya anorexia from loved ones, try to find a person you trust to talk to about what’s going on. The exact cause of anorexia is unknown. As with many diseases, it’s probably a combination of biological, psychological and environmental factors.
Anorexia is more common in girls and women. However, boys and men have increasingly developed eating disorders, possibly related to growing social pressures.
Anorexia is also more common among teenagers. Still, people of any age can develop this eating disorder, though it’s rare in those over Teens may be more at risk because of all the changes their bodies go through during puberty.
They may also face increased peer pressure and be more sensitive to criticism or even casual comments about weight or body shape. Anorexia can have numerous complications. Nevfoza its most severe, it can be fatal. Death may occur suddenly — even when someone is not severely underweight.
This may result from nevvroza heart rhythms arrhythmias or an imbalance of electrolytes — minerals such as sodium, potassium and calcium that maintain the balance nevtoza fluids in your body. If a person with anorexia becomes severely malnourished, every organ in the body can be damaged, including the brain, heart and kidneys.
This damage may not be fully reversible, even when the anorexia is under control. In addition to the host of physical complications, people with anorexia also commonly have other mental health disorders as well.
There’s no guaranteed way to prevent anorexia nervosa. Primary care physicians pediatricians, family physicians and nnevroza may be in a good position to identify early indicators of anorexia and prevent the development of full-blown illness.
For instance, they can ask questions about anore,siya habits and satisfaction with appearance during routine medical appointments. If you notice that a family member or friend has low self-esteem, severe dieting habits and dissatisfaction with appearance, consider talking to him or her about these issues. Although you may not be able to prevent an eating disorder from developing, you can talk about healthier behavior or treatment options. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.
Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Anorexia an-o-REK-see-uh nervosa — often simply called anorexia — is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of weight. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. References Sim LA expert opinion. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
American Psychiatric Association; Hales RE, et al. American Psychiatric Publishing; Klein D, et al.
Anorexia nervosa in adults: Clinical features, course of illness, assessment, and diagnosis. Anorexia nervosa in adults and adolescents: Medical complications and their management. Evaluation for medical complications and criteria for hospitalization to manage these complications. Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT. Merck Manual Professional Version. Harrington BC, et al.
Initial evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Brockmeyer T, et al. Advances in the treatment of anorexia nervosa: A review of established and emerging interventions.
Davis H, et al. Pharmacotherapy of eating disorders. Current Opinion in Psychiatry. Treatment of eating disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry. Fogarty S, et al. The role of complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of eating disorders: National Alliance on Mental Nevdoza. Lebow J, et al. Is there clinical consensus in defining weight restoration for adolescents with anorexia nervosa? The effect of atypical antipsychotic medications in individuals with anorexia nervosa: A systematic review ndvroza meta-analysis.
International Journal of Eating Disorders. Five things to know about safety of dietary supplements for children and teens. National Center for Nevrozw and Integrative Health.
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