Alvin Plantinga. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This book discusses and exemplifies the philosophy of religion, or philosophical reflection on central. God, Freedom, And Evil – Alvin Plantinga – Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. PAGE 18 IS MISSING. HERE IS THE MISSING. Alvin Plantinga is held by many to be the greatest living Christian philosopher, and has made immense contributions to various areas of.
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Alvin Plantinga is held by many to be the greatest living Christian philosopher, and has made immense contributions to various areas of philosophy, including logic, epistemology, and the philosophy of plantjnga.
Logical Problem of Evil
To do so, Plantinga divides his book into two halves. The first half is dedicated to examining and refuting the most popular argument against the existence of God, namely the problem of evil and suffering in the world. The second half is dedicated to defending an argument for the existence of God that relies on reason alone, called the Ontological argument.
Plantinga presents the logical problem of freedom as set out by the famous philosopher J.
Logical Problem of Evil | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Mackie stated that the following three propositions cannot all be true at the same time: Thus, if an all-good and all-powerful God exists, He will eliminate all evil in the world that He created. Yet, evil still exists in the world.
Hence, all of these three statements cannot be true at the same time. Such a denial would result in a God that is no longer the God of classical theism.
Mackie concludes that since evil exists in the world, an all-powerful and all-loving God cannot exist. In order to refute this argument, Plantinga says, one must be able to give a sufficient reason why an all-powerful and all-good God would permit evil to exist in the world He created. Rather, Plantinga merely provides a defense, which is a possible reason in which an all-powerful and all-good God finds it perfectly reasonable vod allow evil, thus proving that there is freesom least one possible scenario in which the three propositions that Mackie claims are contradictory are actually consistent with one another.
Plantinga asks us to imagine a world in which God created beings who are free to evli good over evil. Such a world, he says, would certainly be more valuable for God to create than a world filled with determined beings. Nonetheless, given that these beings are free, God cannot determine that these beings always choose good over evil, for then they would cease to be free.
Thus, in creating beings that are capable of freely choosing good, He has also created beings that are capable of freely choosing evil. If this fgeedom the case, an all-powerful and all-good God finds it perfectly reasonable to allow evil to exist, for this evil is a potential consequence of the actions ffreedom free beings.
However, Plantinga points out that if a being is truly free, it must be able to freely choose between two genuinely opposing options, in this case, good and evil.
Thus, Plantinga concludes that it is always freefom for any free being to choose evil over good in any given circumstance, just by virtue of being free a phenomenon he labels transworld depravity.
Other objections like the amount of moral evil and the presence of natural evil are also considered and competently responded to. In the second main section, Plantinga focuses on a very misunderstood argument for the existence of God- the Ontological Argument, which was originally set out by St Anselm of Canterbury. He holds this form of the argument to be successful, once again showing that belief in God can be arrived at in a perfectly rational way.
The book is certainly not without its flaws. Some chapters might seem a bit too technical for some individuals who are unfamiliar with basic philosophical concepts, particularly those that involve the use of modal logic when discussing the Ontological argument, although the book is actually a simplified version of a far more technical and scholarly work called The Nature of Necessity.
God, Freedom, and Evil – Alvin Plantinga : Eerdmans
Plantinga also briefly addresses the primitive forms of the Cosmological and Teleological arguments for the existence of God, but quickly dismisses them as he is sceptical of their utility and strength. Regardless of its flaws, God, Freedom, and Evil is a classic work in the philosophy of religion. It stands as a well-reasoned and apt response to various relevant questions surrounding the existence of God and the problem feredom suffering and pain, and hence is a must-read for every defender of the faith.
Akvin, Freedom, and Evil.
Eerdmans Publishing Company,p. Apologetics is a ministry of Defenders Media, c 3 a non-profit organization.
Your generous donations are tax-deductible. Thursday, March 08, The second half is dedicated to defending an argument for the existence of God that relies on reason alone, called the Ontological argument Part I: The Problem of Evil Plantinga presents the logical problem of evil as set out by the famous philosopher J.
The Ontological Argument In the second main freedoj, Plantinga focuses on a very misunderstood argument for the existence of God- the Ontological Argument, which was originally set out by St Anselm of Canterbury. Conclusion Regardless of alivn flaws, God, Freedom, and Evil is a classic work in the philosophy of religion. Apologetics is a non-profit ministry. You can support our work here. By Abraham Mathew on March 8, at 2: