Abstract. One hundred and fifty-eight soil samples were collected from various areas of four districts of Kerala and screened for prevalence of keratinophilic fungi. This chapter discusses the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in different habitats Deshmukh and Verekar b), Kerala (Deshmukh b), the Andamans. Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India). Deshmukh SK(1). Author information: (1)Dept. of Natural Products, Quest Institute of.

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Phylogenetic tree based on ITS There are some reports of occurrence of keratinophilic fungi from various parts of Maharashtra [ 40475556 ], but to best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive keatinophilic on incidence of keratinophilic fungi from Keratinophlic region. Distribution of keratinophilic fungi in different types of soils of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. View at Google Scholar A. For example, Chrysosporium zonatum was reported to cause disseminated infection in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease [ 48 ].

Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India).

All thirteen strains yielded unique PCR amplification. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Kerarinophilicwhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction funti any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Bar indicates genetic distance due to sequence variation. Various workers have isolated Chrysosporium zonatum from Indian soil [ 3132 ].


Thus, these fungi may be regarded as opportunistic pathogens. Numbers at the respective nodes are percentage of bootstrap replicates.

Journal of Mycology

Seventy-one isolates were recovered and identified. View at Keratinophliic Scholar C. The prevalence of these fungi in the soils of region of Vidarbha is of importance for their pathogenic potential and has been confirmed in several investigations in different parts of the world.

These fungi were identified based on the various available monographs using macro- and micromorphological features of these cultures [ 8 — 12 ].

Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India).

Karam El-Din, and Y. One hundred and fifty samples were collected from eleven districts of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state and screened for the presence of keratinophilic fungi using hair baiting technique for isolation. A Guide to Methods and ApplicationsM. The other species of Chrysosporium isolated were Chrysosporium evolceanui 2. It is reported from Indian soils [ 262930 ]. Tropical climate and topology of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra make this region a potentially interesting area to study the distribution of these fungi.

Gymnascella hyalinospora was reported from Indian soils by Singh and Kushwaha [ 32 ] and Deshmukh [ 34 ].

Keratinophilic fungi are an ecologically important group of fungi that decompose one of the most abundant and highly stable animal proteins on earth-keratin which they utilize as a nutrient substrate for growth. The Phylogenetic tree indicates different clusters for each isolate showing their sequence variation.

It appears from this study that a rich variety of keratinophilic fungal flora exists in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra which may be attributed to the climatic and environmental conditions such as the soil type, vegetation, fauna, and human habitations. Cultures were incubated at room temperature for five to ten days following which the cultures were microscopically checked for purity and subcultured to get pure cultures.


Plant Sciencesvol. For isolation, hair bait technique of Vanbreuseghem [ 3 ] was used. The occurrence of dermatophytes in soil was reported for the first time by Vanbreuseghem [ 3 ] using the hair bait technique. This study indicates that the soils of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra may be significant reservoirs of certain keratinophilic fungi.

Its high percentage of distribution clearly indicates that it is well adapted to warmer condition of India [ 21 ]. Sites of collection of soil samples in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Other species of keratinophilic fungi isolated were Gymnascella dankaliensis 1. Both patients presented pulmonary cavity sites [ 49 ]. View at Google Scholar T. The cultures were identified using macro- and micromorphological features.

View at Google Scholar J. View at Google Scholar S. Chrysosporium tropicum was reported from comb lesion in two different breeds of chicken in India [ 50 ].

Chrysosporium tropicum was next to M.